Taber Abrasion

Taber Abrasion (Macro-Wear Testing)

Taber abrasion, alternatively called macroscopic “wear testing” provides analysis of the strength of solid materials. The technique involves the application of linear or rotary forces to the surface of a sample, with variable pressure / rotation speeds, respectively. Abrasion damage on the sample is analyzed to determine the specimen’s wear resistance.

In a standard “taber test” of wear behavior, the material of interest is mounted on a turntable platform. For circular taber abrasion, two abrading wheels are placed in contact with the surface, with a set applied pressure and rotary speed. These wheels induce friction / shear damage in the sample due to its sliding contact with the abrading wheels as they spin and the turntable mount is rotated. For linear taber abrasion, a counterbalanced arm with precise applied pressure is dragged across the sample surface as the specimen platform is laterally moved under it. As in the rotary case, the scraping and sliding of the sample in contact with the arm produces damage marks.

At the conclusion of either abrading process, the sample is subsequently profiled using optical or scanning-probe imaging techniques to evaluate the extent of wear.

Application Areas for Taber Abrasion

Taber abrasion is the industry standard for evaluating the wear resistance in many disciplines: paper and textiles production, personal protective equipment quality control, paints, inks, varnishes, and coating analysis, metallurgical mechanical testing, synthetic turf and athletic equipment qualification, and many more. The technique is near ubiquitous for characterizing the durability of macroscopic solid materials.

Measurements from Taber Abrasion

  • Hardness
  • Durability
  • Taber Wear Index
  • Strength

Uses and Limitations for Taber Abrasion

  • What it is great for:
    • Straightforward mechanical strength test for just about any solid sample
    • Rapid data collection
    • Minimal sample preparation required
    • Outstanding availability of reference measurements and methodologies
  • Limitations:
    • Destructive
    • Does not simulate all environmental wear conditions
    • Requires flat surface on solid sample

Sample Output

Circular Taber Abraser damage marks on textile sample visualized using optical microscope at low magnification.
From Taber Industries.

Technique Diagram

Circular Taber Abrasion method of wear damage.
From Taber Industries.

INSTRUMENTS we use for Taber Abrasion

Taber Industries 5135 Rotary Abraser

This work-horse instrument drove worldwide adoption of Taber standards for wear analysis, abrasion research, and quality control. The instrument is simple to operate, and is compatible with just about any flat, macroscopic sample. Its wide assortment of accessories, modular components, and instrumental settings allow for versatile measurement calibration, and Taber provides a tremendous index of metrology standards, references, and method requirements for nearly every industry imaginable.

Taber Industries 5750 Linear Abraser

Like its sister instrument, above, the 5750 Linear Taber Abraser set the global standard for wear analysis, abrasion research, and quality control. It is straightforward, highly precise, and highly customizable. Once again, this system is backed by Taber’s  huge index of metrology standards, references, and method requirements for nearly every industry imaginable.